I created the below infographic for my session with U16s academy players. The inverted U theory or as otherwise known Yerkes-Dodson law states that we can enter 3 states: under arousal, optimum level or arousal and over arousal. I am aware that this theory received many criticisms for it being too simplistic. However, it is a brilliant way for young players to start to develop their self-awareness and to start paying attention to how their body feels prior to a game or the thoughts they are having.
During the session individual differences were highlighted as a one of the main takeaway messages.
It was further explained with pictures that the curve can differ according to the 4 factors.
We practiced strategies such as imagery and reframed negative self talk to positive.
Yerkes, R.M., & Dodson, J. D. (1908). The relation of strength of stimulus to rapidity of habit formation. Journal of Comparative Neurology and Psychology, 18, 459-482.